uring the year of 1700 - 1800 A.D., King Kamehameha the Great conquered and unified the Hawaiian Islands creating the Hawaiian Kingdom under his absolute rule.  His throne was left to his first son who became King Kamehameha II.  In 1838 laws were formed and a Constitutional Monarchy was established by his second son, King Kamehameha III.  He officially named certain royal members and princes of the realm to rule if the throne was left vacant.  Then in 1875, King Kamehameha V died without naming an heir or successor, which enabled an election of a new king or queen.  King Lunalilo was the first to be elected and King Kalakaua was the second.  Other royals who were eligible to rule at the time were Queen Emma, Princess Bernice Pauahi, Princess Elizabeth Kekaaniau and Princess Liliu Kamakaeha (Liliuokalani).  The Princess Liliu became queen at the death of her brother, Kalakaua, unfortunately Queen Liliuokalani was forced to abdicate her throne on Januarary 17, 1893 by a forming government.  The United States American forces were called to intimidate the queen, which was not authorized by the U.S. Congress, clearly violating peace treaties between the Hawaiian Kingdom and the United States of America.  Several attempts were made to re-establish the monarchy which led to the imprisonment of Queen Liliuokalani in which she was charged for treason.  In 1993, President Clinton of the United States of America formally apologized for the wrong actions in their participation in the 1893 overthrow

The royal family survives today from the Kamehameha Dynasty,
Royal House of Keoua Nui, the head of the royal house is
HRH Princess Theresa Owana Ka'ohelelani Salazar