He became king by election on February 12, 1874 under the Hawaiian Constitutional Law when the throne was left vacant, after the death of King Lunalilo . The other proclaimed candidate from the eligible members to the throne (of the Chiefs Children's School) was Queen Emma, Dowager of Kamehameha IV, granddaughter of Keali'imaika'i (Kamehameha's brother). The controversial election resulted in an uproar of Queen Emma's supporters, the majority of the Hawaiian people. The Marines from American & British vessels were called to restore civil order and eventually Queen Emma acknowledged Kalakaua as the new king.
In 1881, Kalakaua went on tour of the world to visit the heads of state of which he was royally received. He was a 33rd degree Masonic member and Knights Templar, who built the grand replacement of I'olani Palace.
In 1887, Kalakaua was forced by death to sign the "Bayonet Constitution", restricting him of his powers which eventually led to the downfall of the kingdom, when his sister who became Queen drafted a new Constitution to replace it.
High Chief David Kalakaua was born on November 16, 1836, Son of High Chief Kapaakea & Chiefess Keohokalole,
he was officially eligible for the throne by Kamehameha III and was entered in the Chiefs' Children's School.
King Kalakaua married the Chiefess Kapi'olani, but had no children. He issued the titles of Prince to his wife's nephew's, David Kawananakoa, Kuhio Kalanianaole and Edward Keli'iahonui and became very fond of them.
On February, 14, 1874 Kalakaua appointed his brother, Prince William Pitt Leleiohoku his successor, but Leleiohoku died on April 9, 1877. The day after on April 10, 1877, Kalakaua's sister, Princess Lydia Kamaka'eha was named heir to the throne.
Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana'ole
Kalakaua died on January 20, 1891 while he was in San Francisco. Princess Lydia Kamaka'eha ascended the throne on January 29, 1991 and became Queen under the title of Lili'uokalani.
Prince William Pitt Leleiohoku
Prince Edward Abnel Keliʻiahonui