on of High Chief Kapaakea & Keohokalole, High Chief David Kalakaua was born on November 16, 1836, he was officially eligible for the throne by Kamehameha III and was entered in the Chiefs' Children's School. He became king by election on February 12, 1874 under the Hawaiian Constitutional Law after the death of King Lunalilo when the throne was left vacant. The other proclaimed candidate was Queen Emma, Dowager of Kamehameha IV, grandaughter of Kealiimaikai(Kamehameha's brother). The controversal election resulted in an uproar of Queen Emma's supporters of the Hawaiian people that left a bloody scene. Order was restored by marines from american & british vessels. Queen Emma then acknowledged Kalakaua as the new king.
On February, 14, 1874 Kalakaua appointed his brother, Prince William Pitt Leleiohoku his successor, but Leleiohoku died on April 9, 1877,
the day after on April 10, 1877, Princess Liliu was named heir to the throne.
In 1881, Kalakaua went on tour of the world to visit the heads of state which he was royally received. He was a 33rd degree Masonic member and Knights Templar, who built the grand replacement of Iolani Palace, a victorian style mansion. The Masonics threw a big celebration for the king at the opening of the palace. In 1887, Kalakaua was forced to sign the "bayonet" constitution restricting him of his powers which eventually led to the downfall of the kingdom.
King Kalakaua married the Chiefess Kapiolani and under royal decree issued the titles of Prince to her nephew's, David Kawananakoa and Kuhio Kalanianaole. Kalakaua died on January 20, 1891 while he was in San Fransisco. Princess Lydia Kamakaeha ascended the throne on January 29, 1991 and became the Queen Liliuokalani.