Queen Lili'uokalani

High Chiefess Lil'u Kamaka'eha was born on September 2, 1838 and was officially named eligible to the throne by King Kamehameha III and was entered in the Chiefs' Children's School, she ascended to the throne on January 29, 1891 as the heir of her brother, King David Kalakaua.

 Before Lili'u ascended the throne, she attended the Queens Jubilee for Queen Victoria of England along with her sister in-law, Consort Queen Kapi'olani, the wife of her brother, King Kalakaua.

The Queen always believed in the birthright of Hawaiian Royalty as well as protecting and caring for her people, so she initiated a new constitution to replace the one her brother was forced to sign that restricted the powers of the monarchy. But this would eventually bring the Kingdom of Hawaii to an end. Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown on January 17, 1893, by opposition of her new Constitution.

Queen Liliuokalani 
surrenders under this protest:

She was confined to her palace room as a prisoner and charged for conspiracy of treason. These allegations were started when her head military leader, Robert Kalanihiapo Wilcox and some 200 armed followers tried to re-instate the queen back to the throne, which unfortunately ended up being a failed attempt.  

Liliuokalani composed over 100 songs such as the famous "Aloha Oe" and while the queen was under house arrest and confined to the cell in her palace room, she composed the song "Ku'u Pua i Paoakalani" which tells the story of her flowers from her garden at Paoakalani. One of her loyal supporters used to bring her these flowers regularly while she was imprisoned in her palace. They were wrapped in newspaper so the queen could read the news outside of her palace cell. 

"Kuu Pua i Paoakalani"

E ka gentle breeze a pa mai nei 
Ho`ohäli`ali`a mai ana ia`u 
E ku`u sweet never fading flower 
I pua i ka uka o Paoakalani

`Ike mau i ka nani o nä pua 
O ka uka o Uluhaimalama 
`A`ole na`e ho`i e like 
Me ku`u pua i ka la`i o 

Lahilahi kona ma hi`ona 
With softest eyes as black as jet 
Pink cheeks so delicate of hue 
I ulu i ka uka o Paoakalani

Nane `ia mai ana ku`u aloha 
E ka gentle breeze e waft mai nei 
O come to me k`au mea e li`a nei 
I ulu ika uka o Paoakalani

O gentle breeze that waft to me 
Sweet, cherished memories of you 
Of my sweet never fading flower 
That blooms in the fields of Paoakalani

I've often seen those 
beauteous flowers 
That grew at Uluhaimalama 
But none of those could be compared 
To my flower that
 blooms in the fields of 

Her face is fair to behold 
With softest eyes as black as jet 
Pink cheeks so delicate of hue 
That blooms in the fields of Paoakalani 

Now name to me the one I love 
Gentle breezes passing by 
And bring to me that blossom fair 
That blooms in the fields of

On March 9, 1891, the Queen officially declared the heir to the
throne is her niece, Princess Kaiulani who was in England at the time being educated. 

Queen Liliuokalani attempted to name  Prince David Kawananakoa & Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole as heirs to the throne after Princess Kaiulani in her drafted 1893 Constitution, but it was never approved or ratified by the legislature.  

In 1899, the legal heir to the throne, Princess Kaiulani became ill and died childless at the age of 23 years old. Queen Liliuokalani married the Honorable John Dominis, but had no children, 
the queen died on November 11, 1917.

The Constitutional laws of the Hawaiian Kingdom enabled the Sovereign rights to the only royal member left who was legally eligible to the throne...the Princess Elizabeth Kekaaniau La'anui.

"I, Liliuokalani, by the Grace of God and under the Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Queen, do hereby solemnly protest against any and all acts done against myself and the Constitutional Government of the Hawaiian Kingdom by certain persons claiming to have established a Provisional Government of and for this Kingdom.
  That I yield to the superior force of the United States of America whose Minister Plenipotentiary, His Excellency John L. Stevens, has caused United States troops to be landed at Honolulu and declared that he would support the Provisional Government.
  Now to avoid any collision of armed forces, and perhaps the loss of life, I do this under protest and impelled by said force yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall, upon facts being presented to it, undo its actions of its representatives and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the Constitutional Sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands."